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Health Well

Sleep Duration Interacts With Lifestyle Risk Factors and Health Status to Alter Risk of All-Cause Mortality: The Rural Chinese Cohort Study

Study Objectives: Many studies suggest an association of both short and long sleep duration with all-cause mortality, but the effect of co-occurrence of sleep duration and other lifestyle risk factors or health status remains unclear. Methods: A total of ...

Prevalence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children With Down Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis

Study Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with Down syndrome. ...

Consumer Sleep Technology: An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Position Statement

Consumer sleep technologies (CSTs) are widespread applications and devices that purport to measure and even improve sleep. Sleep clinicians may frequently encounter CST in practice and, despite lack of validation against gold standard polysomnography, fam ...

Value and Payment in Sleep Medicine

Value, like beauty, exists in the eye of the beholder. This article places the value of clinical sleep medicine services in historical context and presents a vision for the value-based sleep of the future. First, the history of value and payment in sleep ...

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome After Armodafinil Use

We present the case of a 21-year-old woman in whom Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) developed after initiation of armodafinil. Although this rare and life-threatening reaction is listed on armodafinil's label, no cases have been reported in the literat ...

Violent Parasomnia With Recurrent Biting and Surgical Interventions: Case Report and Differential Diagnosis

A case is reported of recurrent, injurious self-biting during sleep, requiring surgical interventions, in a 55-year-old obese man with a 20-year history of violent complex parasomnia, with greatly increased frequency and severity of episodes induced by wo ...

The Longest Obstructive Apnea You Have Ever Seen: A Patient With New-Onset Autonomic Dysfunction

Autonomic dysfunction (AD) has been associated with both obstructive and central sleep apneas. Several mechanisms have been proposed for the emergence of sleep apnea in AD, which include impaired sensory input, compromised local reflexes, and altered cent ...

The Effects of Sildenafil on the Respiratory System of Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Erectile Dysfunction

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Effective Treatment of Insomnia With Mirtazapine Attenuates Concomitant Suicidal Ideation

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Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 822: Model Predictive Stabilization Control of High-Speed Autonomous Ground Vehicles Considering the Effect of Road Topography

Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 822: Model Predictive Stabilization Control of High-Speed Autonomous Ground Vehicles Considering the Effect of Road Topography Applied Sciences doi: 10.3390/app8050822 Authors: Kai Liu Jianwei Gong Shuping Chen Yu Zhang Hui ...

Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 821: State-of-Health Identification of Lithium-Ion Batteries Based on Nonlinear Frequency Response Analysis: First Steps with Machine Learning

Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 821: State-of-Health Identification of Lithium-Ion Batteries Based on Nonlinear Frequency Response Analysis: First Steps with Machine Learning Applied Sciences doi: 10.3390/app8050821 Authors: Nina Harting René Schenkendorf ...

Brain Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 92: Intensity of Multilingual Language Use Predicts Cognitive Performance in Some Multilingual Older Adults

Brain Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 92: Intensity of Multilingual Language Use Predicts Cognitive Performance in Some Multilingual Older Adults Brain Sciences doi: 10.3390/brainsci8050092 Authors: Anna Pot Merel Keijzer Kees de Bot ...

[Editorial] Changing the conversation to make drug use safer

Last week, the 2018 Global Drug Survey (GDS) published its annual findings on recreational drug use (both legal and illegal) among 130 000 people across 44 countries. The anonymised online survey uses a detailed questionnaire to assess trends in drug use a ...

[Editorial] False economy and global health security

Last week, the DR Congo declared a new outbreak of Ebola, with two confirmed cases, 39 probable cases, and 19 deaths reported as we went to press. The threat of a new outbreak highlights the need for a focused and coordinated response from a broad range of ...

[Editorial] Balancing treatment with resistance in UTIs

Urinary tract infections (UTIs), defined by the presence of bacteria in the urine combined with clinical features such as urinary frequency or dysuria, affect 10–20% of women at some time in their lives. New draft guidance from the UK National Institute fo ...

[Comment] Stroke units around the world: the success story continues

Over the past 25 years, stroke units have become the standard for in-hospital stroke care.1 Today, all patients admitted with a diagnosis of stroke should be assessed by trained personnel and evaluated for eligibility of thrombolytic or thrombectomy treatm ...

[Comment] Global governance of antimicrobial resistance

Ensuring future generations have access to antimicrobials is high on the agenda for many heads of state, and almost all Ministers of Health. Following the UN General Assembly's 2016 High-Level Meeting on antimicrobial resistance (AMR), an ad-hoc Inter ...

[Comment] Offline: Sexual and reproductive rights—health and hypocrisy

Mark Heywood stood to ask his question in Johannesburg last week at the launch of the Guttmacher–Lancet Commission on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for All. He observed that we were in a country blighted with a “rape culture”—the epicentre of a ...

[World Report] Tramadol: Africa's opioid crisis

Away from the headlines, another opioid abuse crisis is hitting Africa. Experts express concern about the rise in non-medical use of the analgesic. Laura Salm-Reifferscheidt reports from Lomé. ...

[Perspectives] Osteoarthritis

Stiffness and pain in the joints was for centuries seen as a mark of mortality, one of the natural shocks of old age: just look at Leonardo da Vinci or Thomas Rowlandson's caricatures of old people, with their crooked digits and knobbly joints. Since ...

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