menu ☰
menu ˟
Journal article

Public Health Well

Individual and environmental factors associated with death of cyclists involved in road crashes in Spain: a cohort study

Objective To quantify the magnitude of associations between cyclist fatalities and both cyclist and environment related characteristics in Spain during the first 24 hours after a crash. Design Cohort study. Setting Spain. Participants 65 977 cyclists injur ...

An exploratory spatial analysis of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong, China

Objective Identifying the spatial patterns of childhood overweight/obesity (OW/OB) can help to guide resource allocation for preventive intervention in China. This study aims to estimate rates of childhood OW/OB across counties within Shandong Province, us ...

The joint effect of insomnia symptoms and lifestyle factors on risk of self-reported fibromyalgia in women: longitudinal data from the HUNT Study

Objectives To investigate the association between insomnia symptoms and risk of self-reported fibromyalgia in women, and to explore whether leisure time physical activity and body mass index (BMI) modify this association. Design Prospective cohort study. S ...

Clinical and cost-effectiveness of teen online problem-solving for adolescents who have survived an acquired brain injury in the UK: protocol for a randomised, controlled feasibility study (TOPS-UK)

Introduction Paediatric acquired brain injury is a leading cause of mortality in children in the UK. Improved treatment during the acute phase has led to increased survival rates, although with life-long morbidity in terms of social and emotional functioni ...

Optimising neonatal service provision for preterm babies born between 27 and 31 weeks gestation in England (OPTI-PREM), using national data, qualitative research and economic analysis: a study protocol

Introduction In England, for babies born at 23–26 weeks gestation, care in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as opposed to a local neonatal unit (LNU) improves survival to discharge. This evidence is shaping neonatal health services. In contrast, there ...

Choosing Healthy Eating for Infant Health (CHErIsH) study: protocol for a feasibility study

Introduction Childhood obesity is a public health challenge. There is evidence for associations between parents’ feeding behaviours and childhood obesity risk. Primary care provides a unique opportunity for delivery of infant feeding interventions for chil ...

Readmission and processes of care across weekend and weekday hospitalisation for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure or stroke: an observational study of the National Readmission Database

Objectives Variation in hospital resource allocations across weekdays and weekends have led to studies of the ‘weekend effect’ for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), heart failure (HF) and stroke. H ...

Effect of 'lifestyle stigma on public support for NHS-provisioned pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and preventative interventions for HPV and type 2 diabetes: a nationwide UK survey

Objectives This study examines how the perceived role of poor lifestyle and irresponsible behaviour in contracting HIV, human papilloma virus (HPV) and diabetes affects public support for government-provisioned prevention efforts in Britain. It assesses wh ...

Protocol for a prospective observational diagnostic study: intraoperative simultaneous limb pressure monitoring (INSTANT) study

Introduction Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a condition caused by arterial blockages causing inadequate blood flow, resulting in pain and gangrene of the legs. Endovascular therapy, such as angioplasty, can be used to treat PVD, however, the operator ...

Learning types and learning success in a structured diabetes education programme for patients with type 2 diabetes: study protocol of a prospective, longitudinal study

Introduction Diabetes mellitus (DM) has had a wide-ranging impact on healthcare politics. Secondary diseases and complications caused by diabetes are relevant cost and utilisation factors in the healthcare system. For decades, diabetes self-management educ ...

Effect of home-based high-intensity interval training and behavioural modification using information and communication technology on cardiorespiratory fitness and exercise habits among sedentary breast cancer survivors: habit-B study protocol for a random

Introduction Maintaining high levels of physical activity helps to maintain and improve physical health and quality of life, and plays a role in reducing adverse effects due to cancer treatments. Moreover, a greater degree of cardiorespiratory fitness is a ...

Phenylketonuria incidence in China between 2013 and 2017 based on data from the Chinese newborn screening information system: a descriptive study

Objective This study examines the incidence and spatial clustering of phenylketonuria (PKU) in China between 2013 and 2017. Methods Data from the Chinese Newborn Screening Information System were analysed to assess PKU incidence with 95% CIs by province, r ...

Enriching medical trainees learning through practice: a video reflexive ethnography study protocol

Introduction Supporting medical students’ and junior doctors’ development in busy clinical settings is challenging. As opportunities for developing trainees, for example, traditional bedside teaching, are decreasing, teaching outside of clinical practice i ...

Addressing the polypharmacy challenge in older people with multimorbidity (APOLLO-MM): study protocol for an in-depth ethnographic case study in primary care

Introduction Polypharmacy is on the rise. It is burdensome for patients and is a common source of error and adverse drug reactions, especially among older adults. Health policy advises clinicians to practice medicines optimisation —a person-centred approac ...

Treating gambling disorder with as needed administration of intranasal naloxone: a pilot study to evaluate acceptability, feasibility and outcomes

Background and aim There is growing interest in the use of medication-assisted treatments for gambling disorder (GD). Opioid receptor antagonists are hypothesised to blunt the craving associated with gambling. This study was designed to assess the feasibil ...

Shifting gears versus sudden stops: qualitative study of consultations about driving in patients with cognitive impairment

Objective General practitioners (GPs) report finding consultations on fitness to drive (FtD) in people with cognitive impairment difficult and potentially damaging to the physician–patient relationship. We aimed to explore GP and patient experiences to und ...

Cross-cultural adaption and validation of the Chinese version of the Child Food Neophobia Scale

Objective To adapt the Child Food Neophobia Scale (CFNS) cross-culturally for use among 12-36-month-old Chinese toddlers and to perform a preliminary assessment of its construct validity and reliability. Background Food neophobia is the fear of eating new ...

Adverse events associated with human papillomavirus vaccines: a protocol for systematic review with network meta-analysis incorporating all randomised controlled trials comparing with placebo, adjuvants and other vaccines

Introduction Adverse events following the injection (AEFIs) of human papillomavirus vaccine (HPVv) among female adolescents are still a major public health concern. Methods According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis ...

Sleep duration and multimorbidity in Luxembourg: results from the European Health Examination Survey in Luxembourg, 2013-2015

Objectives We estimated the prevalence of short sleep duration and multimorbidity in Luxembourg, and assessed whether sleep duration was associated with multimorbidity after adjusting for sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics. Design Cross-secti ...

A systematic review of methodological quality of model development studies predicting prognostic outcome for resectable pancreatic cancer

Objectives To assess the methodological quality of prognostic model development studies pertaining to post resection prognosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Design/setting A narrative systematic review of international peer reviewed journals ...

Filter by content type:

Filter by journal