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Delivering Cleaner Air: Smoky Coal Ban Regulations - Review and Public Consultation


Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government

Subject Keywords: Coal ban, Regulations
Topic: Fuel Poverty
Chronic Airflow Obstruction (CAO)
Chronic Conditions
Fuel Poverty
Chronic Conditions
Type: Report
Region: Republic of Ireland

The ban on the marketing, sale and distribution of bituminous fuel (or ‘smoky coal ban’) was first introduced in Dublin in 1990 in response to severe episodes of winter smog that resulted from the widespread use of smoky coal for residential heating. The ban proved effective in reducing smoke and sulphur dioxide levels and was subsequently extended to other areas. The ban now applies in twenty cities and towns. Air quality monitoring by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has shown levels of particulate matter (PM10) are lower in these areas than in towns where the ban does not apply.


Research indicated that the ban in Dublin resulted in over 350 fewer annual deaths. An estimate of these benefits in monetary terms put the value at over €20 million. Additional benefits of the regulations have also been identified through the stimulation for householders to switch from using solid fuels, which generally are less efficient and more polluting, to more efficient and less polluting gas and oil. The associated reduced fuel costs to consumers were estimated at €184 million per year.


The purpose of the consultation paper is to inform and assist a review of the smoky coal ban regulations to ensure that they remain fit for purpose in safeguarding air quality by limiting harmful emissions of air pollutants arising from the use of residential fuels. The consultation paper reviews the regulations to date and identifies relevant considerations relating to their effective implementation in the context of developments over the twenty years since their introduction.



Rights: © Government of Ireland
Suggested citation:

Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government. (2012) Delivering Cleaner Air: Smoky Coal Ban Regulations - Review and Public Consultation [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 30th March 2020].


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