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Community Monitoring Interventions can reduce corruption and may improve services

Creator:

Molina E. et al

Subject Keywords: Corruption, Services, Income
Catalogue: Systematic Reviews
Campbell Reviews
Type: Article
Region: International (other)
Description:

Corruption and inefficient allocation of resources in service delivery are widespread in low and middle income countries (Pande & Olken, 2011). There is increasing evidence that corruption holds back countries’ economic development and erodes their citizens’ quality of life (Mauro, 1995; Svensson, 2005; Singer, 2013). Millions of people around the world encounter administrative corruption in their daily interactions with public services. Using a 0-100 scale on perceived levels of public sector corruption, only a third of the 176 countries covered in the Transparency International Corruption Index 2012 scored above 50. The World Bank Institute estimates that total bribes in a year amount to about one trillion USD (Rose-Ackerman, 2004), making corruption account for around three per cent of world GDP (Svensson, 2005). Bribes are used to influence the actions of public officials, usually to prevent them from performing their duties. For instance, under the presidency of Fujimori in Peru, there is direct evidence in the form of signed receipts that politicians and judges received bribes ranging from 3,000 to 50,000 USD and the media received as much as 1.5 million USD per month for turning a blind eye to government malfeasance (McMillan & Zoido, 2004).

Date:

15/11/2016

Rights: © The authors
Suggested citation:

Molina E. et al. (2016) Community Monitoring Interventions can reduce corruption and may improve services [Online]. Available from: http://www.thehealthwell.info/node/1084172 [Accessed: 21st June 2018].

  

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