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Campbell Reviews

The effects of hot spots policing on crime

Braga, A.A. Crime prevention In recent years, crime scholars and practitioners have pointed to the potential benefits of focusing crime prevention efforts on crime places. A number of studies suggest that crime is not spread evenly across city landscapes. ...

The effectiveness of neighborhood watch

Bennett, T., Holloway, K. and Farrington, D. Effectiveness of neighborhood watch in reducing crime Neighborhood watch (also known as block watch, apartment watch, home watch and community watch) grew out of a movement in the US during the late 1960s that ...

School feeding for improving the physical and psychosocial health of disadvantaged students

Kristjansson, E. et al. Child malnutrition Early malnutrition and/or micronutrient deficiencies can negatively affect many aspects of child health and development. School feeding programs are designed to provide food to hungry children and to improve thei ...

The Effects of Teachers’ Classroom Management Practices on Disruptive, or Aggressive Student Behavior

Oliver, R.M., Reschly, D. and Wehby, J. Effective classroom management Disruptive behavior in schools has been a source of concern for school systems for several years. Indeed, the single most common request for assistance from teachers is related to beha ...

The effects of problem-oriented policing on crime and disorder

Weisburd, D., Telep, C.W., Hnkle, J.C. and Eck, J.E. Effects of problem-oriented policing on crime and disorder Problem-oriented Policing (POP) was first introduced by Herman Goldstein in 1979. The approach was one of a series of responses to a crisis in ...

Personal assistance for adults (19-64) with physical impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Dennis, J. and Montgomery, P. Effectiveness of personal assistance for adults with physical impairments There is a high incidence of impairments among working age adults. Many countries offer personal assistance in the form of individuali ...

Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life, and social functioning in adults

De Vibe, M., et al Stress-related health problems Mind-body interventions to manage stress-related health problems are of widespread interest. One of the best known methods is mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and MBSR courses are now offered by ...

Indicated truancy interventions: Effects on school attendance among chronic truant students

Maynard, B.R., et al Intervention, School attendance, Policy, Practice, Research Truancy is a significant problem in the U.S. and in other countries around the world. Truancy has been linked to serious immediate and far-reaching consequences for youth, fa ...

Self-control interventions for children under age 10 for improving self-control and delinquency and problem behaviors

Piquero, A.R., Jennings, W. and Farrington, D. Self-control improvement programs Self-control improvement programs are intended to serve many purposes, most notably improving self-control. Yet, interventions such as these often aim to reduce delinquency a ...

Effects of drug substitution programs on offending among drug-addicts

Egli, N. et al. HEROIN, METHADONE, PRESCRIPTION, SUBSTANCE MISUSE Drug abusers are generally more involved in crime, in particular property crime, than people who are not drug abusers. Substitution programs have been developed in order to improve drug use ...

Use of DNA testing in police investigative work for increasing offender identification, arrest, conviction, and case clearance

Wilson, D., Weisburd, D. and McClure, D. DNA testing The use of DNA testing as part of police investigative work has increased substantially since its emergence in the 1980s. The objective of this review has been to synthesize the existing evidence on the ...

Personal assistance for adults (19-64) with both physical and intellectual impairments

Mayo-Wilson, E., Dennis, J. and Montgomery, P. Assistance for adults with physical and intellectual impairments There is a high incidence of impairments among working age adults, and their prevalence is increasing in the West. Many countries offer persona ...

Effects of early family/parent training programs on antisocial behavior and delinquency

Piquero, A.R. et al. ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOUR, BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, YOUNG PEOPLE Based on evidence that early antisocial behavior is a key risk factor for continued delinquency and crime throughout the life course, early family/parent training, among its many ...

Opportunities provision for preventing youth gang involvement for children and young people (7-16)

Fisher, H., Montgomery, P. and Gardner, F. Delinquency and crime Research has shown that youth who join gangs are more likely to be involved in delinquency and crime, particularly serious and violent offences, compared to non-gang youth and non-gang delin ...

Cognitive-behavioural interventions for preventing youth gang involvement for children and young people (7-16)

Fisher, H., Montgomery, P. and Gardner, F. ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOUR, BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE, CRIME, CRIME PREVENTION, YOUNG PEOPLE Many studies document a robust and consistent relationship between gang membership and elevated delinquency, with gang members dispr ...

Personal assistance for older adults (65+) without dementia

Montgomery, P., Mayo-Wilson, E. and Dennis, J. Effectiveness of personal assistance for older adults with impairments There is a high prevalence of impairments among people 65+, and the elderly population is increasing in the West. Many countries offer pe ...

Behavioural and cognitive behavioural training interventions for assisting foster carers in the management of difficult behaviour

Turner, W., Macdonald, G. M. and Dennis, J. A. Behavioural training Behavioural and cognitive behavioural training interventions for assisting foster carers in the management of difficult behaviour- no strong evidence yet.Providing training for foster car ...

Drug courts' effects on criminal offending for juviniles and adults

Mitchell, O., et al Drugs, Offender, Court, Legislation Drug courts are specialized courts in which court actors collaboratively use the legal and moral authority of the court to monitor drug-involved offenders’ abstinence from drug use via frequent drug ...

The effects of stress management interventions among police officers and recruits

Patterson, G., Chung, I. and Swan, P.G. The objectives of this systematic review were to identify, retrieve, evaluate and synthesize the available evidence regarding outcomes of stress management interventions provided to veteran police officers and recru ...

The effects of hot spots policing on crime

Braga, A., Papachristos, A. and Hureau, D. To assess the effects of focused police crime prevention interventions at crime hot spots In recent years, crime scholars and practitioners have pointed to the potential benefits of focusing crime prevention effo ...