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Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis

1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Address correspondence to: M. Witham. Tel: (+44) 1382 632436; Fax: (+44) 1382 660675. Email: ...

Alcohol-related and hepatocellular cancer deaths by country of birth in England and Wales: analysis of mortality and census data.

BACKGROUND: The incidence of and mortality from alcohol-related conditions, liver disease and hepatocellular cancer (HCC) are increasing in the UK. We compared mortality rates by country of birth to explore potential inequalities and inform clinical and p ...

Efficacy of motivational interviewing for smoking cessation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Heckman, C.J. and Egleston, B.. Smoking cessation A systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of interventions incorporating motivational interviewing for smoking cessation and identify correlates of treatment effects. Systematic Rev ...

The impact of initiatives to limit the advertising of food and beverage products to children: a systematic review

Galbraith-Emami, S. and Lobstein, T. Food and drink advertising In response to increasing evidence that advertising of foods and beverages affects children's food choices and food intake, several national governments and many of the world's larg ...

Rifamycins (rifampicin, rifabutin and rifapentine) compared to isoniazid for preventing tuberculosis in HIV-negative people at risk of active TB

Shama, S.K., et al To compare the effects of rifampicin monotherapy or rifamycin-combination therapy versus INH monotherapy for preventing active TB in HIV-negative people at risk of developing active TB Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that is caused by a ...

The non-advertising effects of screen-based sedentary activities on acute eating behaviours in children, adolescents, and young adults. A systematic review.

Marsh, S., Mhurchu, CN. and Maddison, R. childhood obesity Sedentary screen time may be an important determinant of childhood obesity. A number of potential mechanisms to explain the link between screen time and increased bodyweight have been proposed; ho ...

Parenting styles, feeding styles, and their influence on child obesogenic behaviors and body weight. A review

Vollmer, R. and Mobley, AR childhood obesity With recommendations to include parents as targets for childhood obesity interventions, there is a need to review the relationship of general parenting influences on childhood obesity. Therefore, the aim of thi ...

Exploring the Effects of a Transition to Open Access: Insights from a Simulation Study

Bernius, S., et al Open Access publishing The Open Access (OA) movement, which postulates gratis and unrestricted online access to publicly funded research findings, has significantly gained momentum in recent years. The two ways of achieving OA are self- ...

Deep Impact: Unintended consequences of journal rank

Brembs, B. and Munafo, < Open Access publishing Most researchers acknowledge an intrinsic hierarchy in the scholarly journals (‘journal rank’) that they submit their work to, and adjust not only their submission but also their reading strategies accord ...

Health and the 2008 Economic Recession: Evidence from the United Kingdom

Astell-Burt, T. and Feng, X. Economic recession The economic recession which began in 2008 has resulted in a substantial increase in unemployment across many countries, including the United Kingdom. Strong association between unemployment and poor health ...

The Epidemiology of Low Back Pain in Primary Care

Kent, P. M. and Keating, J. L. Current knowledge on prevalence, activity limitation (disability), care-seeking, natural history and clinical course, treatment outcome, and costs of low back pain (LBP) This descriptive review provides a summary of the prev ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis

 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UKAddress correspondence to: M. Witham. Tel: (+44) 1382 632436; Fax: (+44) 1382 660675. Email: ...

Adult consequences of late adolescent alcohol consumption: a systematic review of cohort studies.

Background Alcohol is responsible for a significant portion of the global burden of disease. There is widespread concern reported in the media and other sources about drinking trends among young people, particularly heavy episodic or â?obingeâ? drinking. ...

Burden of major musculoskeletal conditions

Woolf AD, Pfleger B Musculoskeletal condition, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoporosis Musculoskeletal conditions are a major burden on individuals, health systems, and social care systems, with indirect costs being predominant. This burden has ...

Does back and neck pain become more common as you get older? A systematic literature review

Fejer, R. and Leboeuf-Yde, C. Back pain, Neck pain It is generally believed that the prevalance aof back and neck pain increases with age and as the proportion of elderly will keep rising we may be facing public health concerns in the future. The aim of t ...

Exercise or exercise and diet for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus

Orozco, L.J. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, DIET, EATING HABIT, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, PREVENTION The incidence of type 2 diabetes is associated with the 'Westernised lifestyle', mainly in terms of dietary habits and physical activity. Thus an intensive d ...

Healthcare librarians and the delivery of critical appraisal training: Barriers to involvement

Maden-Jenkins, M. Knowledge, Information services Many healthcare librarians are undertaking training in critical appraisal but a significant number are not cascading the training to their end-users. To examine the barriers to healthcare librarian involve ...

Social support group interventions in people with dementia and mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review of the literature

AbstractDespite the large number of studies evaluating social support groups for people with dementia, there are no systematic reviews of current evidence.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of social support group interventions for pe ...

A systematic review of the relationship between staff perceptions of organizational readiness to change and the process of innovation adoption in substance misuse treatment programs.

. 10.14655/11971-1097335 Peter Kelly, Josephine Hegarty, Joseph Barry, Kyle R Dyer, Aine Horgan Substance Misuse, Drug Problems. Fuel Poverty Health Inequalities Systematic Reviews Other Reviews http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/27435 © Public 1 January 2017 R ...

A systematic review of the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in routine practice.

10.14655/743983-900692 Public Health England Lifestyle interventions, Prevention, Type 2 diabetes mellitus This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventio ...