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Campbell Reviews

Effects of drug substitution programs on offending among drug-addicts

Egli, N. et al. HEROIN, METHADONE, PRESCRIPTION, SUBSTANCE MISUSE Drug abusers are generally more involved in crime, in particular property crime, than people who are not drug abusers. Substitution programs have been developed in order to improve drug use ...

Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse

Ramsay, J. et al. Partner abuse, Violence, Domestic violence Intimate partner abuse is common in all societies and damages the health of survivors and their children in the short and long term. Advocacy may decrease the impact of this abuse on women' ...

Self-control interventions for children under age 10 for improving self-control and delinquency and problem behaviors

Piquero, A.R., Jennings, W. and Farrington, D. Self-control improvement programs Self-control improvement programs are intended to serve many purposes, most notably improving self-control. Yet, interventions such as these often aim to reduce delinquency a ...

Parent-training interventions to support intellectually disabled parents

Coren, E. et al. Parents with intellectual or learning disabilities Parents with intellectual or learning disabilities may need support to provide adequate care for their children and prevent problems that can arise in children's welfare or developme ...

Cognitive behavioural therapy for men who physically abuse their female partner

Smedslund, G. et al. Physically abusive men, Physical abuse, Violence In national surveys, between 10% and 34% of women have reported being physically assaulted by an intimate male partner.Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or programmes including elemen ...

Spatial displacement and diffusion of benefits among geographically focused policing initiatives

Bowers, K. et al. Movement of crime from a treatment area to an area nearby One of the most common criticisms of spatially focused policing efforts (such as Problem-Oriented Policing, police crackdowns‘ or hotspots policing) is that crime will simply relo ...

The Effects of Teachers’ Classroom Management Practices on Disruptive, or Aggressive Student Behavior

Oliver, R.M., Reschly, D. and Wehby, J. Effective classroom management Disruptive behavior in schools has been a source of concern for school systems for several years. Indeed, the single most common request for assistance from teachers is related to beha ...

School feeding for improving the physical and psychosocial health of disadvantaged students

Kristjansson, E. et al. Child malnutrition Early malnutrition and/or micronutrient deficiencies can negatively affect many aspects of child health and development. School feeding programs are designed to provide food to hungry children and to improve thei ...

Parent-training programmes for psychosocial health

Barlow, J., Coren, E. and Stewart-Brown, S. Impacts on the parent-infant relationship There is evidence from a range of studies to suggest that adverse maternal psychosocial health can have an impact on the parent-infant relationship and potentially lead ...

Financial benefits for child health and well-being in low income or socially disadvantaged families in developed world countries

Lucas, P. et al. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, DISADVANTAGED GROUP, ECONOMIC FACTOR, LOW INCOME, SOCIAL FACTOR The association between low income and poor outcome in all dimensions of child health is strong and consistent across countries and time. Disadvantage in c ...

Youth empowerment programs for improving self-efficacy and self-esteem of adolescents

Morton, M. and Montgomery, P. Impacts of youth empowerment programs Governments, funders, and charity organizations increasingly demand that young people be involved in the processes that affect their lives and communities. Youth empowerment programs (YEP ...

Motivational interviewing for substance abuse

Smedslund, G. et al Substance misuse There are 76.3 million people with alcohol use disorders worldwide and 15.3 million with drug use disorders. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a client-centred, semi-directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation ...

Effects of parental imprisonment on child antisocial behaviour and mental health

Murraay, J., Farrington, D.P., Sekol, I. and Olsen, R.F. ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOUR, BEHAVIOUR, FAMILY, INCOME, MENTAL HEALTH, PRISON Parental imprisonment can cause many problems for the family left behind, including difficulty organising childcare, loss of fa ...

Effects of Correctional Boot Camps on Offending

Wilson, D.B., MacKenzie, D.L. and Mitchell, F.N. Boot camps Correctional boot camps were first opened in United States adult correctional systems in 1983. Since that time they have rapidly grown, first within adult systems and later in juvenile correction ...

Kinship Care for the Safety, Permanency, and Well-being of Children Removed from the Home for Maltreatment

Winokur, M., Holtan, A. and Valentine, D. CARE, CHILD ABUSE, CHILD ABUSE, FAMILY, MALTREATMENT Child abuse and neglect are common problems across the world that result in negative consequences for children, families and communities. Children who have been ...

Mentoring Interventions to Affect Juvenile Deliquency and Associated Problems

Tolan, P., Henry, D., Schoeny, M. and Bass, A. Juvenile delinquency Mentoring is one of the most commonly-used interventions to prevent, divert, and remediate youth engaged in, or thought to be at risk for delinquent behavior, school failure, aggression, ...

Impacts of After-School Programs on Student Outcomes

Goerlich, S., Lauver, S. and Maynard, R.A. After-school programs In the last decade, the amount of after-school programs in the United States has grown tremendously. The number of schools that offered after-school programs doubled between 1994 and 2000 (D ...

Approaches to Parent Involvement for Improving the Academic Performance of Elementary School Age Children

Nye, C., Turner, H. and Schwartz, J. Parental involvement, Children's education The impact of parent involvement in a child’s growth and development is generally accepted (Sheldon, 2003). However, educators, parent groups, and policy makers continue ...

Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Programs for Criminal Offenders

Lipsey, M.W., Landengerger, N.A. and Wilson, S.J. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is among the more promising rehabilitative treatments for criminal offenders. Reviews of the comparative effectiveness of different tre ...

Formal System Processing of Juveniles: Effects on Delinquency

Petrosino, A, Turpin-Petrosino, C. and Guckenburg, S. Juvenile offenders Justice practitioners have tremendous discretion on how to handle juvenile offenders. Police officers, district attorneys, juvenile court intake officers, juvenile and family court j ...