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Evidence review summary: drug demand reduction, treatment and harm reduction.

This short report presents a brief overview of recent evidence for the most effective approaches in the fields of drug use prevention, drug use treatment and harm reduction. It discusses the strengths and limitations of the evidence and some challenges fo ...

Investigating local policy drivers for alcohol harm prevention: a comparative case study of two local authorities in England.

BACKGROUND: The considerable challenges associated with implementing national level alcohol policies have encouraged a renewed focus on the prospects for local-level policies in the UK and elsewhere. We adopted a case study approach to identify the major ...

Global, regional, and country-level coverage of interventions to prevent and manage HIV and hepatitis C among people who inject drugs: a systematic review.

Background: People who inject drugs (PWID) are a key population affected by the global HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemics. HIV and HCV prevention interventions for PWID include needle and syringe programmes (NSP), opioid substitution therapy (OST), ...

Pill testing kits, chill-out rooms and free water: How to reduce harm from taking drugs in nightclubs.

A new European guide on responding to drug problems was released..... Cormac Fitzgerald A new European guide on responding to drug problems was released..... http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28051 Public 25 October 2017 News National Drugs Library No 4676 0 ...

Ireland thinks.

. Alcohol Action Ireland Alcohol consumption, Marketing, Attitude, Young people Summary findings of a poll on attitudes to alcohol consumption. The opinion poll was commissioned by Alcohol Health Alliance Ireland, and conducted in the summer 2017. The poll ...

Progress in the penal system: a framework for penal reform (PIPS).

. Irish Penal Reform Trust Human Rights, Best Practice, Penal System, Prison This report is the first in a series of three annual reports providing a comprehensive report on human rights and best practice in Ireland’s penal system. IPRT has developed 35 st ...

UNODC annual report 2016.

. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Drug misuse, Crime, Terrorism The 2016 annual report provides an overview of UNODC's work across the globe in assisting Member States to address the threat posed by drugs, crime and terrorism. In addition to ...

Healthy Ireland survey 2017 summary of findings.

. Department of Health (RoI) Alcohol consumption, Dirinking habits, Binge drinking This report provides an overview of results from the third wave of the Healthy Ireland Survey, an annual interviewer administered face-to-face survey commissioned by the Dep ...

Health and social responses to drug problems: a European guide.

. European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction Substance Misuse This guide and the associated package of online materials provides a reference point for planning or delivering health and social responses to drug problems in Europe. The most appr ...

Cycle of Change: change promoter or benevolent fiction?

Prochaska and DiClementeâ?Ts ubiquitous â?~five stages of changeâ?T seems to offer a scientific system to guide clinicians and therapists on how to work with patients â?" how to recognise when someone is ready to commit to treatment (or if not to nud ...

Exposure to substance use prevention messages among adolescents. Short report.

This issue of The CBHSQ Report examines adolescents' exposure to substance use prevention messages using US data from the 2002 to 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). It also uses 2015 NSDUH data to examine exposure to prevention mess ...

WHO alcohol brief intervention training manual for primary care.

Alcohol contributes significantly to the disease and mortality burden in the WHO European Region, and primary health care systems play an important role in reducing the impact of harmful alcohol use. Screening and brief interventions (SBIs) for alcohol ar ...

Special report: The US opioid epidemic.

Drug overdose is the leading cause of accidental death in the United States. RTÃ? News reports from Manchester, New Hampshire, second only to West Virginia for opioid deaths....... RTE News Drug overdose is the leading cause of accidental death in the Uni ...

Role of nurses in alcohol and drug treatment services.

. Royal College of Nursing, Association of Nurses in Substance Abuse, National Substance Misuse Non-Medical Prescribing Forum, Public Health England Drug treatment This resource is to assist commissioners and providers of specialist adult alcohol and drug ...

Smoking-Related Interstitial Fibrosis: Evidence of Radiologic Regression with Advancing Age and Smoking Cessation.

More data are needed regarding the radiology, co-morbidities and natural history of smoking-related interstitial fibrosis (SRIF), a common pathological finding, mainly described heretofore in association with lung cancer, where respiratory bronchiolitis ( ...

Growing up in Ireland: National longitudinal study of children. Off to a good start? Primary school experiences and the transition to second-level education.

Primary schools can influence young peopleâ?Ts later engagement with education in a number of ways. First, having a positive experience of primary school and good relations with teachers can enhance childrenâ?Ts engagement with school and thus provide a f ...

How do individuals develop alcohol use disorder after bariatric surgery? A grounded theory exploration.

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. However, following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, a small minority of patients develop new-onset alcohol use disorder (AUD), the aetiology of which is poorly under ...

Drug decriminalization in Ireland, a step forward or a step back?

With many questions being raised about the clogging of the courts with minor drug charges and the stigma surrounding drug use, Des Cook invesitages if Ireland would benefit from decriminalising drugs. Des Cook With many questions being raised about the cl ...

'That gives you sleepless nights. It's a last resort': Giving children in State care a voice.

Guardians ad litem tell TheJournal.ie about the trends theyâ?Tve seen in children assigned to their care.,,,,,,, Sean Murray Guardians ad litem tell TheJournal.ie about the trends theyâ?Tve seen in children assigned to their care.,,,,,,, http://www.drugsa ...

Examining the comparative use, experience, and outcomes of community service orders as alternatives to short prison sentences in Ireland.

â?~Examining the comparative use, experience, and outcomes of community service orders as alternatives to short prison sentences in Irelandâ?T by Dr Kate Oâ?THara is the outcome of a 3-year employment-based PhD research project (2013-16), co-funded by the ...

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