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Campbell Reviews

Social skills group for individuals with autism spectrum disorders

Reichow, B., Steiner, A. and Volkmar, F. To determine the effectiveness of social skills groups for improving social competence, social communication, and quality of life for people with ASD who are six to 21 years of age Since autism was first described, ...

Parent-training programmes for improving parental psychosocial health

Barlow, J., Coren, E. and Stewart-Brown, S. To address whether group-based parenting programmes are effective in improving parental psychosocial wellbeing Parental psychosocial health can have a significant effect on the parent-child relationship, with co ...

Cognitive-behavioural interventions for children who have been sexually abused

Macdonald, G., Higgins, J. and Ramchandani, P. Cognitive-behavioural, Sexual abuse, Children, Young people Despite differences in how it is defined, there is a general consensus amongst clinicians and researchers that the sexual abuse of children and adol ...

Interview and interrogation methods and their effects on investigative outcomes

Meissner, C., et al Interviewing, Interrogation methods The interviewing and interrogation of suspects can be particularly important to securing convictions against the guilty and freeing the wrongly accused. There are two general methods of questioning s ...

Behavioural and cognitive-behavioural group-based parenting programmes for early-onset conduct problems in children aged 3 to 12 years

Furlong, M., et al Cost-effectiveness, Behavioural, Cognitive-behaviour, Parenting programmes, Child conduct problems, Parental mental health Parenting skills Early-onset child conduct problems are common and costly. A large number of studies and some pre ...

Police strategies for reducing illegal possession and carrying of firearms

Koper, C. and Mayo-Wilson, E. This review examines the impacts of police strategies to reduce illegal possession and carrying of firearms on gun crime Criminal misuse of firearms is among the world’s most serious crime problems. Strategies to reduce gun v ...

Indicated truancy interventions: Effects on school attendance among chronic truant students

Maynard, B.R., et al Intervention, School attendance, Policy, Practice, Research Truancy is a significant problem in the U.S. and in other countries around the world. Truancy has been linked to serious immediate and far-reaching consequences for youth, fa ...

Interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting in African countries

Berg, R.C. and Denison, E. Mutilation This systematic review aimed to answer the following research questions: 1. What is the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) compared to no or o ...

The effects of hot spots policing on crime

Braga, A., Papachristos, A. and Hureau, D. To assess the effects of focused police crime prevention interventions at crime hot spots In recent years, crime scholars and practitioners have pointed to the potential benefits of focusing crime prevention effo ...

The effects of stress management interventions among police officers and recruits

Patterson, G., Chung, I. and Swan, P.G. The objectives of this systematic review were to identify, retrieve, evaluate and synthesize the available evidence regarding outcomes of stress management interventions provided to veteran police officers and recru ...

The effects of "Pulling Levers" focused deterrence strategies on crime

Braga, A. and Weisburd, D. To synthesize the extant evaluation literature and assess the effects of pulling levers focused deterrence strategies on crime A number of American police departments have been experimenting with new problem-oriented policing fr ...

Effectiveness of adult employment assistance services for persons with autism spectrum disorders

Westbrook, J.D., Nye, C. andFong, C.J. Adult, Employment, Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) The incidence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) has been increasing over the last two decades. Currently, 1 in 110 children are identified with ASD in the United St ...

Drug courts' effects on criminal offending for juviniles and adults

Mitchell, O., et al Drugs, Offender, Court, Legislation Drug courts are specialized courts in which court actors collaboratively use the legal and moral authority of the court to monitor drug-involved offenders’ abstinence from drug use via frequent drug ...

Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life, and social functioning in adults

De Vibe, M., et al Stress-related health problems Mind-body interventions to manage stress-related health problems are of widespread interest. One of the best known methods is mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and MBSR courses are now offered by ...

Parent training interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Zwi, M., et al Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. For a child to be diagnosed with ADHD, adults such as parents, carers, healthcare workers or teachers must hav ...

Home-based child development interventions for pre-school children from socially disadvantaged families

Miller, S., Maguire, L.K. and Macdonald, G. Deprived family background, Developmental problems, Children The early years of a child's life are extremely important in terms of development and growth. Children from a deprived family background are at g ...

Scared Straight and other juvenile awareness programs for preventing juvenile deliquency

Petrosino, A, Turpin-Petrosino, C. and Buehler, J. Detering future juvenile offending Programs like 'Scared Straight' involve organized visits to prison facilities by juvenile delinquents or children at risk for becoming delinquent. The programs ...

The effects of hot spots policing on crime

Braga, A.A. Crime prevention In recent years, crime scholars and practitioners have pointed to the potential benefits of focusing crime prevention efforts on crime places. A number of studies suggest that crime is not spread evenly across city landscapes. ...

Street-level drug law enforcement: A meta-analytic review

Mazerolle, L., Soole, D.W. and Rombouts, S. Effectiveness of police-led drug law enforcement An atmosphere of ineffectiveness regarding the ability of police to address crime problems in general and street-level drug problems in particular prevailed in th ...

School-based education programmes for the prevention of child sexual abuse

Zwi, K. et al. Child abuse School-based programmes for preventing child sex abuse may improve knowledge and selfprotective behaviours but also increase anxiety; further research is needed. Childhood sexual abuse is a serious problem for school aged childr ...