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Guidelines for the emergency management of injuries (including needlestick and sharps injuries, sexual exposure and human bites) where there is a risk of transmission of bloodborne viruses and other infectious diseases.

Creator:

Scientific Advisory Committee of the Health Protection Surveillance Centre

Type: Article
Region: Republic of Ireland
Northern Ireland
Description:

The purpose of these guidelines is to provide comprehensive guidance on the appropriate management of injuries where there is a risk of transmission of bloodborne viruses and other infections. The types of injury covered are: needlestick or other sharps injury, sexual exposure, human bites, and exposure of broken skin or of mucous membranes. Contents: 1. Introduction 12 2. Initial assessment p.12 2.1 Urgent first aid 2.2 Initial wound care 2.3 Complete the patient management form 2.4 Decide if a significant exposure has occurred 3. Assessing the risk of transmission of infection p.14 3.1 Risk assessment â?" bloodborne viruses 3.2 Factors increasing the risk of transmission 3.3 Investigation of source 3.4 Assessing the recipient 4. Treatment of recipient following a significant exposure p.17 4.1 Actions to be taken 4.2 Hepatitis B post-exposure prophylaxis 4.3 Hepatitis C 4.4 HIV post-exposure prophylaxis 4.5 Tetanus 4.6 Antibiotic treatment 5. Specific injuries and settings p.19 5.1 Occupational exposure 5.2 Sexual exposure 5.4 Human bites 5.4 Community acquired needlestick injury 5.5 Injury in dental practice 5.6 Injury in primary care medical practice 6. Information and follow-up of recipient p.21 6.1 Information 6.2 Precautions 6.3 Follow-up 7. Records/documentation p.22 7.1 Patient management form 7.2 Recording of medication 7.3 Notifiable diseases 7.4 Occupational injuries 7.5 Risk management forms for hospital References p.23 Glossary of abbreviations and terms p.24

Date:

01/09/2012

Rights: Public
Suggested citation:

Scientific Advisory Committee of the Health Protection Surveillance Centre. (2012) Guidelines for the emergency management of injuries (including needlestick and sharps injuries, sexual exposure and human bites) where there is a risk of transmission of bloodborne viruses and other infectious diseases. [Online]. Available from: http://publichealthwell.ie/node/279686 [Accessed: 19th November 2019].

  

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National Drugs Library
 
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