menu ☰
menu ˟

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 396: Seasonal Characteristics and Particle-size Distributions of Particulate Air Pollutants in Urumqi

31 Jan 2019

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 396: Seasonal Characteristics and Particle-size Distributions of Particulate Air Pollutants in Urumqi

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16030396

Authors:
Xianyong Meng
Yiping Wu
Zhihua Pan
Hao Wang
Gang Yin
Honggang Zhao

Urban particulate air pollution is a known cause of adverse human health effects worldwide. Urumqi is a large oasis city in which rapid urbanization has caused a series of eco-environmental problems including serious air pollution, water shortage, dense population, excess energy consumption, and the creation of an urban heat island, among others. Coal is the most important source of energy and air pollutants that are poorly dispersed into the natural surroundings are the main reasons for serious pollution in the Urumqi urban area. Using differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS), aerosol levels were determined using the double optical path method. We found that aerosol concentrations in Urumqi increased rapidly in winter, and that the concentration of fine particles was much higher than that of coarse particles. The background aerosol concentration was highest in winter in the research area, and the air-flow speed had a significant impact on this because high speed surface winds that correspond to high air flows can transport the aerosol to other places. Some of the observed day-to-night differences may be caused by differing wind directions that transport air masses from different emission sources during the day and the night. Daily and seasonal differences in PM1.0 concentrations of different grades of polluted air were statistically analyzed using average daily concentration data for particles smaller than 10, 2.5 and 1.0 microns (PM10, PM2.5 and PM1.0), and meteorological observations for Urumqi, Tianshan District in 2010.

Click here to view the full article which appeared in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health