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Effect of age and cone dimensions on cervical regeneration: an Italian multicentric prospective observational study

19 Mar 2018


To evaluate cervical regeneration at 6 months following excisional treatment for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and to investigate the effect of cone dimensions, age of patients and technique of excision on the efficacy of the regeneration process.


Prospective observational multicentric study.


Three tertiary care and research centres.


Among the 197 eligible women of childbearing age, older than 25 years of age, undergoing for the first time a loop electrosurgical excision procedure or carbon dioxide laser cervical excision for a high-grade CIN at the colposcopy-directed cervical punch biopsy, and with a final diagnosis of high-grade CIN, 165 completed the 6-month follow-up and were included in the analysis.

Primary outcome measures

The cervical length and volume regeneration (%) after 6 months from procedure were determined by three-dimensional ultrasound, and the correlation of regeneration with cone dimensions, age and excision technique was evaluated.


The mean±SD cervical length regeneration at 6 months was 89.5%±6.3% and the mean±SD cervical volume regeneration was 86.3%±13.2%. At the multivariate analysis, a significant and independent inverse correlation between excised cone length and cervical regeneration emerged (r=–0.39, P<0.001). A significantly negative trend in length regeneration at 6 months from procedure with an increasing class of cone length was found (P<0.001). No significant association was found in relation with patient age at the time of procedure or with the technique of excision.


Cervical length regeneration at 6 months from excisional treatments is negatively affected by an increasing cone length but not from the age of the patient or the technique of excision. While still achieving equal clinical efficacy, it is crucial to contain cone dimensions, in order to favour a greater length regeneration, reducing the cervical harm and the potential future obstetric complications.

Click here to view the full article which appeared in BMJ Open