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Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 347: Dimensionless Energy Conversion Characteristics of an Air-Powered Hydraulic Vehicle

28 Feb 2018

Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Pages 347: Dimensionless Energy Conversion Characteristics of an Air-Powered Hydraulic Vehicle

Applied Sciences doi: 10.3390/app8030347

Authors:
Dongkai Shen
Qilong Chen
Yixuan Wang

Due to the advantages of resource conservation and less exhaust emissions, compressed air-powered vehicle has attracted more and more attention. To improve the power and efficiency of air-powered vehicle, an air-powered hydraulic vehicle was proposed. As the main part of the air-powered hydraulic vehicles, HP transformer (short for Hydropneumatic transformer) is used to convert the pneumatic power to higher hydraulic power. In this study, to illustrate the energy conversion characteristics of air-powered hydraulic vehicle, dimensionless mathematical model of the vehicle’s working process was set up. Through experimental study on the vehicle, the dimensionless model was verified. Through simulation study on the vehicle, the following can be obtained: firstly, the increase of the hydraulic chamber orifice and the area ratio of the pistons can lead to a higher output power, while output pressure is just the opposite. Moreover, the increase of the output pressure and the aperture of the hydraulic chamber can lead to a higher efficiency, while area ratio of the pistons played the opposite role. This research can be referred to in the performance and design optimization of the HP transformers.

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