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Cochrane Reviews

Impact of institutional smoking bans on reducing harms and secondhand smoke exposure

http://thehealthwell.info/search-results/legislative-smoking-bans-reducing-harms-secondhand-smoke-exposure-smoking-prevalence- Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Passive smoking, Tobac ...

Legislative smoking bans for reducing harms from secondhand smoke exposure, smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption

10.1002/14651858.CD005992.pub3 Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Tobacco Smoking bans have been implemented in a variety of settings, as well as being part of policy in many jurisdict ...

Effectiveness of different treatment modalities for the management of adult-onset granulosa cell tumours of the ovary (primary and recurrent)

Gurumurthy, M. et al Treatment modality, Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs), Ovary, Tumor Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs) of the ovary are rare ovarian tumours (2% to 5% of all ovarian cancers). Most ovarian tumours arise from the outer surface layer of the ovar ...

Systemic treatments for the prevention of venous thrombo-embolic events in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled central venous catheters

Schoot, RA., et al To investigate the effects of preventive systemic treatments in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled CVCs on (a)symptomatic VTE Children with cancer are at higher risk of thrombosis than children without cancer. This is a result of ...

Perioperative nutrition interventions for women with ovarian cancer

Billson, HA., et al This review was conducted to assess the effects of nutrition interventions during the perioperative period for women with ovarian cancer Women who have ovarian cancer, (a cancer which develops in the two organs (ovaries) that produce e ...

Post-surgical chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastric cancer

Diaz-Nieto, R., et al To determine whether post-surgical chemotherapy should be used routinely in resectable gastric cancer Stomach cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Surgery is the only curative treatment offered to pat ...

Psychosocial interventions for patients with head and neck cancer

Semple, C., et al To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and psychosocial well-being for patients with head and neck cancer There is a steady rise in the number of people being diagnosed with head and neck can ...

Interventions to encourage uptake of cancer screening for people with severe mental illness

Barley, E., et al Health professionals, Cancer screening, Mental illness, Smoking, Diet Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for approximately 13% of all deaths in 2007. Some studies have reported an increased incidence of cancer in pe ...

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin for relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer

Lawrie, T.A., et al To assess the efficacy and safety of PLD in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) The choice of chemotherapy in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is influenced by the duration of the platinum-free interv ...

Withdrawal versus continuation of chronic antipsychotic drugs for behavioural and psychological symptoms in older people with dementia

Declercq, T., et al To evaluate whether withdrawal of antipsychotic agents is successful in older people with dementia in community or nursing home settings, to list the different strategies for withdrawal of antipsychotic agents in older people with deme ...

Sulthiame add-on therapy for epilepsy

Milburn-McNulty, P., et al To compare the efficacy and side-effect profile of sulthiame as add-on therapy compared with placebo or another antiepileptic drug Epilepsy is a common neurological condition which is characterised by recurrent seizures. The maj ...

Non-pharmacological interventions for preventing secondary vascular events after stroke or transient ischemic attack

MacKay-Lyons, M., et al Non-pharmacological interventions, Secondary vascular events, Vascular risk factors, Stroke, Transient ischemic attack (TIA) Stroke is the second leading cause of adult death worldwide. There is increasing evidence that individuals ...

Nidotherapy for people with schizophrenia

Chamberlain, i.J. and Sampson, S. Nidotherapy, Standard care, No treatment, Schizophrenia, Disorders Nidotherapy (from the Latin ‘ nidus ’ or ‘nest’) aims at identifying the need for and making changes to a person’s environment and surroundings. It works ...

Multidimensional rehabilitation programmes for adult cancer survivors

Scott, D.A., et al MDRPs, Physical well-being, Psychosocial well-being, Adult, Cancer survivors Due to improvements in detection, treatment and care an increasing number of patients are living with or surviving cancer. However, patients who survive cancer ...

Inhaled corticosteroids for subacute and chronic cough in adults

Johnstone, K., et al Chronic cough, Adults Persistent cough is a common clinical problem. Despite thorough investigation and empirical management, a considerable proportion of those people with subacute and chronic cough have unexplained cough, for which ...

Human papillomavirus testing versus repeat cytology for triage of minor cytological cervical lesions

Arbyn, M., et al Women, ASCUS, LSIL, Cytological test, High-risk type, Human papillomavirus (hrHPV), Cervical cancer Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) and low-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesions (LSIL) are minor lesions of t ...

Interventions for nail psoriasis

de Vries, A.C.Q., et al Nail psoriasis, Skin disease Psoriasis is a common chronic skin disease with a prevalence in 2% to 3% of the population, according to European studies. Involvement of the nails occurs in about 50%. Nail psoriasis is difficult to tr ...

Male involvement for increasing the effectiveness of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programmes

Brusamento, S., et al PMTCT interventions, Developing countries, Family health During the past ten years, national governments and international agencies have strengthened the implementation of PMTCT programmes. However, the majority of women still do not ...

Integration of HIV/AIDS services with maternal, neonatal and child health, nutrition, and family planning services

Lindegren, M., et al MNCHN-FP, HIV/AIDS, Prevention, Treatment Integrating HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment services with services focused on the health of mothers, infants and children, as well as on nutrition and family planning (MNCHN-FP) may improve ...

Psychological interventions for symptomatic management of non-specific chest pain in patients with normal coronary anatomy

Kisely, S.P. et al Chest pain Recurrent chest pain in the absence of coronary artery disease is a common problem that sometimes leads to excess use of medical care. Although many studies examine the causes of pain in these patients, few clinical trials ha ...