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Systematic reviews

A systematic review of the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in routine practice.

10.14655/743983-900692 Public Health England Lifestyle interventions, Prevention, Type 2 diabetes mellitus This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventio ...

The heights and weights of Irish children from the post-war era to the Celtic tiger

Perry, Ivan J.; Whelton, Helen; Harrington, Janas; Cousins, Bernard; Childhood obesity; Historical trends; Height; Weight; Obesity in children-- Ireland; Social change-- Ireland-- 20th century; Health surveys-- Ireland; Accepted Version Obesity Obesity Sy ...

Supraglottic airway devices versus tracheal intubation for airway management during general anaesthesia in obese patients

Nicholson, A., et al To examine whether supraglottic airway devices can be used as a safe and effective alternative to tracheal intubation in securing the airway during general anaesthesia in obese patients (with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2) Pat ...

Parenting styles, feeding styles, and their influence on child obesogenic behaviors and body weight. A review

Vollmer, R. and Mobley, AR childhood obesity With recommendations to include parents as targets for childhood obesity interventions, there is a need to review the relationship of general parenting influences on childhood obesity. Therefore, the aim of thi ...

The non-advertising effects of screen-based sedentary activities on acute eating behaviours in children, adolescents, and young adults. A systematic review.

Marsh, S., Mhurchu, CN. and Maddison, R. childhood obesity Sedentary screen time may be an important determinant of childhood obesity. A number of potential mechanisms to explain the link between screen time and increased bodyweight have been proposed; ho ...

Interventions to encourage uptake of cancer screening for people with severe mental illness

Barley, E., et al Health professionals, Cancer screening, Mental illness, Smoking, Diet Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for approximately 13% of all deaths in 2007. Some studies have reported an increased incidence of cancer in pe ...

The impact of initiatives to limit the advertising of food and beverage products to children: a systematic review

Galbraith-Emami, S. and Lobstein, T. Food and drink advertising In response to increasing evidence that advertising of foods and beverages affects children's food choices and food intake, several national governments and many of the world's larg ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people

Systematic ReviewA systematic review and meta-analysisMiles D. Witham1 and Alison Avenell2 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Ad ...

Low-fat diets for acquired hypercholesterolaemia

Smart, N.A. et al Hypercholesterolaemia Hypercholesterolaemia, characterised by raised blood cholesterol levels, is not a disease itself but a metabolic derangement that often contributes to many diseases, notably cardiovascular disease. In most cases, el ...

Chinese herbal medicines for hypercholesterolemia

Lan Lui, Z. et al Chinese medicine Hypercholesterolemia is an important key contributory factor for ischemic heart disease and is associated with age, high blood pressure, a family history of hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes. Chinese herbal medicines ha ...

Artichoke leaf extract for treating hypercholesterolaemia

Wider, B. et al Hypercholesterolaemia Hypercholesterolaemia is directly associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease and other sequelae of atherosclerosis. Artichoke leaf extract (ALE) has been implicated in lowering cholesterol levels. Wh ...

Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk

Brunner, E. et al Heart disease Changes in population diet are likely to reduce cardiovascular disease and cancer, but the effect of dietary advice is uncertain. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of providing dietary advice to achieve ...

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with prediabetes

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, DIET, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, WEIGHT LOSS Most persons with prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose) are overweight, and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated wi ...

Pharmacotherapy for weight loss in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al Weight management Obesity is closely related to type 2 diabetes and long-term weight reduction is an important part of the care delivered to obese persons with diabetes. The objective of this review is to assess the efficacy of pharmaco ...

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, LIFESTYLE, OBESITY, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Most persons with type 2 diabetes are overweight and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated with diabetes. The objective of this revie ...

Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity

Baker, P.R.A., et al Physical activity interventions Multi-strategic community wide interventions for physical activity are increasingly popular but their ability to achieve population level improvements is unknown. The objective of this review is to eval ...

Interventions to change the behaviour of health professionals and the organisation of care to promote weight reduction in overweight and obese adults

Flodgren G, Deane K, Dickinson HO, Kirk S, Alberti H, Beyer FR, Brown JG, Penney TL, Summerbell CD, Eccles MP HEALTH INTERVENTION, HEALTH PROFESSIONAL, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Although obesity used to be confined largely to high income coun ...

Hormonal contraceptives for contraception in overweight or obese women

Lopez LM, Grimes DA, Chen-Mok M, Westhoff C, Edelman A, Helmerhorst FM BODY MASS INDEX, CONTRACEPTION, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Excess body weight has become a problem around the world. Being overweight or obese may affect how well hormonal ...

Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C, Veras R Management of overweight and obesity Rigorous scientific evidence linking overweight or obesity with increased risk for stroke is missing. Overweight and obesity are important public health problems and are associated with many ...

Surgery for Obesity

Colquitt JL, Picot J, Loveman E, Clegg AJ Management of overweight and obesity Obesity is associated with many health problems and a higher risk of death. Bariatric (weight loss) surgery for obesity is usually only considered when all other treatments hav ...